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Posted: 03 May 2017
Posted: 28 February 2017
by Les Taylor
The history of the Northern Territory is very closely related to the history of mining. Ever since the early 1870s, with alluvial gold being found in a hole at Yam Creek when the Adelaide to Darwin telegraph was being built, the Northern Territory has had a thriving minerals industry. In the late 1800s, many Chinese prospectors mined in the district, with Europeans following shortly thereafter. Commercial mining began in 1947, when the Noble’sNob mine was taken over, after gold rushes in 1932 and 1933. The history of the Northern Territory is very closely related to the history of mining. Ever since the early 1870s, with alluvial gold being found in a hole at Yam Creek when the Adelaide to Darwin telegraph was being built, the Northern Territory has had a thriving minerals industry. In the late 1800s, many Chinese prospectors mined in the district, with Europeans following shortly thereafter. Commercial mining began in 1947, when the Noble’s Nob mine was taken over, after gold rushes in 1932 and 1933.
Later, manganese, bauxite, uranium, tin, and copper were all discovered. Oil was to be discovered in 1964, and the Amadeus pipeline was constructed in 1986. In the mid to late 1980s, goldfields and oilfields were further developed and major operations had been established at Nhulunbuy, Groote Eylandt, in the Tanami region and at Jabiru. The industries referred to above represent the foundation blocks of the economy of the Northern Territory. According to the Northern Territory Department of Primary Industry, Fisheries, and Mines, mining operations are responsible for over $2.5 billion in revenue and employment of nearly 5000 people. A major challenge of this department is the balancing the needs of those enterprises who are directly concerned with mining and extractive initiatives with the need to maintain the natural environment as far as possible.
The Minerals Council of the Northern Territory recognises that mineral and mining activity is a temporary usage of land and that the land needs to be preserved, both for present and future inhabitants. In particular, mineral exploration has been proved to be capable of being undertaken without undue interference with other users of the land in the region. As a consequence, it has developed a code of conduct for exploration and mining in the Northern Territory. Major industry participants such as Rio Tinto, Anglogold, and De Beers Australia, have all supported the code and its prescriptions.
At both Northern Territory level and at the Commonwealth level, a number of prescriptive Acts of Parliament govern exploration and mining activities in the Northern Territory. A great measure of this legislation is directed towards safety and environmental concerns. The Parliament of the Northern Territory has enacted the Mining Act, Mining Management Act, Environmental Assessment Act, the Water Act, and the Waste Management and Pollution Control Act. At the federal level, relevant legislation includes the Aboriginal Land Rights Act and the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act Planning Phase.
It is essential that those proposing mining initiatives be in contact with landowners well in advance of execution of mining leases. A full proposal, detailing what is to be mined and how the resulting environmental impact is to be managed needs to be struck before any work begins on the lease.
Indeed, relevant regulatory authorities need to be briefed regarding any potential impacts on archaeological sites on the Territory Heritage register. The duty of care, at law, requires that mining firms have proactive plans in place so that reasonable care and skill is exercised so as to avoid injuring either employees engaged in extractive activities or the environment itself. These principles are also captured in ISO 14001. If there is to be substantial disturbance to the existing landscape, the proposal needs to detail how the disturbance will be rectified. All plans require the approval of the Department of Business, Industry, and Resource Development’s mining division prior to any exploration taking place. Such a plan must encapsulate the following details Identity of the operator.
Posted: 08 February 2017
Treeplanting activities are always part of the many environmental protection and conservation activities Miss Earth Australia organise for the contestants.
Trees combat climate change
Excess carbon dioxide (CO2) caused by many factors is a building up in our atmosphere and contributing to climate change. Trees absorb CO2, removing and storing the carbon while releasing the oxygen back into the air. In one year, an acre of mature trees absorbs the amount of CO2 produced when you drive your car 26,000 miles.
Trees clean the air
Trees absorb odors and pollutant gases (nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and ozone) and filter particulates out of the air by trapping them on their leaves and bark.
Trees provide oxygen
In one year an acre of mature trees can provide enough oxygen for 18 people.
Trees cool the streets and the city
Average temperatures in Los Angeles have risen 6°F in the last 50 years as t